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Castello

Città di Castello

Comune

Comune di Città di Castello
Panoramic view.

Panoramic view.

Coat of arms of Città di Castello

Coat of arms

Città di Castello within the Province of Perugia

Città di Castello within the Province of Perugia

Location of Città di Castello

Città di Castello is located in Italy

Città di Castello

Città di Castello

Location of Città di Castello in Umbria

Città di Castello is located in Umbria

Città di Castello

Città di Castello

Città di Castello (Umbria)

Coordinates: 43°27′39″N 12°14′38″E / 43.46083°N 12.24389°ECoordinates: 43°27′39″N 12°14′38″E / 43.46083°N 12.24389°E
Country Italy
Region Umbria
Province Perugia (PG)
Frazioni see list
Government
 • Mayor Luca Secondi (Baron of Monte Ruperto) (PD)
Area

[1]

 • Total 387.53 km2 (149.63 sq mi)
Elevation 288 m (945 ft)
Population

 (2019)

 • Total 39 286
Demonym Tifernati
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code

06012, 06018

Dialing code 075
Patron saint Saint Florido, Saint Veronica Giuliani
Saint day 13 November, 9 July respectively
Website Official website

Città di Castello (Italian pronunciation: [tʃitˈta ddi kasˈtɛllo]);[2] “Castle Town”) is a city and comune in the province of Perugia, in the northern part of Umbria.[3] It is situated on a slope of the Apennines, on the flood plain along the upper part of the river Tiber. The city is 56 km (35 mi) north of Perugia and 104 km (65 mi) south of Cesena on the motorway SS 3 bis. It is connected by the SS 73 with Arezzo and the A1 highway, situated 38 km (23 mi) west. The comune of Città di Castello has an exclave named Monte Ruperto within Marche.

History[edit]

The town was founded by the ancient Umbri, an Italic tribe, on the left bank of the Tiber River. The town may have come into conflict with the nearby Etruscans. Beginning in the third century BC it became a civitates federata of Rome and was subsequently inserted into the Sexta Regio of Roman Italy. The Romans knew it as Tifernum Tiberinum (“Tifernum on the Tiber”).[4]

Nearby Pliny the Younger built his villa in Tuscis, which is identified with walls, mosaic floors and marble fragments surviving at a place now called Colle Plinio, the “Hill of Pliny”.[5]

In 550 A.D. Tifernum was largely destroyed during the Ostrogothic campaign by Fantalogus at the orders of Totila. The town was subsequently rebuilt by its bishop Floridus around a castle and renamed first Castrum Felicitatis by Lombards and later Civitas Castelli. By the Donation of Pepin of the Frankish king Pepin the Short in 752, it went to the Holy See.

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It became an independent commune in the first half of the 12th century.[6] Among its various rulers was Pier Saccone Tarlati di Pietramala, brother of Guido, Bishop of Arezzo. Pier Saccone sold it in 1322 to Guido Alberto de’ Guidi di Modigliana. In Middle Ages the Diocese of Città di Castello included also many territories that are today in the provinces of Arezzo, Forlì-Cesena, Pesaro and Rimini. In the later Middle Ages it was governed successively by the Guelphs and Ghibellines. In 1375 Città di Castello joined the insurrection of other cities of the States of the Church. Cardinal Robert of Geneva, later Antipope Clement VII, tried to capture it using Breton mercenaries, but was repulsed. Under Pope Martin V in 1420 it was taken by the condottiero Braccio da Montone. Later Niccolò Vitelli, aided by Florence and Milan, became absolute ruler or tiranno. Antonio da Sangallo the Younger built an extensive palace for the Vitelli family.

In 1474 Sixtus IV sent his nephew Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, to rule the town. After fruitless negotiations he laid siege to the city, but Vitelli did not surrender until he knew that the command of the army had been given to Duke Federico III da Montefeltro. The following year Vitelli tried unsuccessfully to recapture the city. Cesare Borgia through a conspiracy in Senigallia ordered Vitellozzo Vitelli, who had inherited the city to be strangled on the evening of 31 December 1502 and Città di Castello were added to the Papal possessions.

On 11 September 1860 Città di Castello was occupied by Piedmontese troops. On 17 March 1861 it became part of the Kingdom of Italy.

Towards the end of the twentieth century, the city has seen a considerable expansion northwards toward San Giustino, with industrial parks tracking the river, railroad and main highway. In the area several kinds of mechanical goods, textiles, ceramics and furnishings are produced. Agriculture is at a very advanced level. Today it’s the main economic centre in the region.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

The town is located in northern Umbria, near the borders with Tuscany and Marche, and the Tiber river flows along its western side. The municipality borders with Apecchio (PU), Arezzo (AR), Citerna, Cortona (AR), Mercatello sul Metauro (PU), Monte Santa Maria Tiberina, Monterchi (AR), Montone, Pietralunga, San Giustino, Sansepolcro (AR), Sant’Angelo in Vado (PU) and Umbertide.[7]

Frazioni[edit]

Antirata, Astucci, Badia Petroia, Badiali, Barzotti, Baucca, Belvedere, Bisacchi, Bivio Canoscio, Bivio Lugnano, Bonsciano, Caifirenze, Candeggio, Canoscio, Capitana, Celle, Cerbara, Cinquemiglia, Colcello, Coldipozzo, Cornetto, Croce di Castiglione, Fabbrecce, Fiume, Fraccano, Grumale, Lerchi, Lugnano, Madonna di Canoscio, Marchigliano, Montemaggiore, Monte Ruperto, Morra, Muccignano, Nuvole, Palazzone, Petrelle, Pettinari, Piosina, Promano, Riosecco, Roccagnano, Ronti, Rovigliano, San Biagio del Cornetto, San Leo Bastia, San Lorenzo Bibbiana, San Maiano, San Martin Pereto, San Martino di Castelvecchio, San Martino d’Upò, San Pietro a Monte, San Secondo, Santa Lucia, Scalocchio, Seripole, Terme di Fontecchio, Titta, Trestina, Uppiano, Userna, Userna Bassa, Valdipetrina, Vallurbana, Vingone, Volterrano.

Culture[edit]

The dialect is particular and derives in turn from the Romagnolo Gaelic and the eastern Tuscan dialects. The comune territory is one of the largest in Italy, for this reason dialect changes a lot according to the considered zone. Culture is linked to Marche, Romagna and Tuscany ones.

The art historian Vittorio Sgarbi has referred to the town as the place of the origin of the Renaissance or its capital.[8][9]

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Main sights[edit]

Civic tower of the Cathedral Square.

The city is mostly built of brick, since the local sandstone deriving from Apennines erodes very rapidly. Its principal monuments include the medieval Palazzo Comunale, the tall civic tower or Torre Comunale, and the Pinacoteca Comunale, an art museum with mostly Renaissance works by Raphael, Luca Signorelli, Andrea della Robbia, Lorenzo Ghiberti, Domenico Ghirlandaio, and others, notable for its external decorations by Giorgio Vasari.

The much reworked cathedral, from the 18th century with an unfinished 17th century façade, has an altar-front (Paliotto) of chased silver dating to the 12th century, and a crosier from the 15th. It also houses works by Niccolò Circignani, Rosso Fiorentino and Raffaellino del Colle. The bell tower is in Romanesque style of the 11th century. The cathedral’s museum is home to the Canoscio hoard, a set of Late Antique silver spoons and plates with Christian motifs, as well as a silvered altarpiece donated by Pope Celestine II in the 12th century, a Madonna by Pinturicchio (1486) and Angels by Giulio Romano. It also houses a letter by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa.

Other religious structures of interest include:

  • Sanctuary of the Madonna di Belvedere

The city has memorialized the abstract painter and sculptor Alberto Burri, who was born in Città di Castello, with the “Fondazione Palazzo Albizzini Collezione Burri” housing a large permanent museum of his works in the former Palazzo Albizzini.

Famous inhabitants[edit]

For persons from the city, see People from Città di Castello. In addition, the following are believed to have had a local connection, usually through long residence there:

  • Pliny the Younger
  • Pope Celestine II
  • Monica Bellucci
  • Vitellozzo Vitelli
  • Alberto Burri
  • Salvatore Sciarrino
  • Margaret of Castello
  • Frankie Hi-NRG MC

Twin towns[edit]

Majano, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy is the only official twin comune.[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). “Diocese of Città di Castello”. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Newadvent.org
  • Touring Club Italiano, 1966. Guida d’Italia: Umbria. pp. 136–42
  • Official homepage (in Italian) (in English)
  • Bill Thayer’s site
  • YouTube.com

External links[edit]

  • (in Italian) Città di Castello official website
  • (in Italian) Città di Castello on luoghimisteriosi.it

Extra Information About citta di castello That You May Find Interested

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Città di Castello – Wikipedia

Città di Castello - Wikipedia

  • Author: en.wikipedia.org

  • Rating: 3⭐ (431935 rating)

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  • Sumary: Città di Castello

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Città di Castello – Towns in Umbria – Summer In Italy

Città di Castello - Towns in Umbria - Summer In Italy

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CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Citta di Castello – New Advent

CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Citta di Castello - New Advent

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  • Sumary: A town in the province of Perugia, in Umbria, Central Italy

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Frequently Asked Questions About citta di castello

If you have questions that need to be answered about the topic citta di castello, then this section may help you solve it.

Is it worthwhile to visit Citta di Castello?

It is a year-round destination with seasonal food festivals and cultural events. In the spring, flowers adorn the hills, and in the summer, Città di Castello hosts music festivals. In the fall, harvest food festivals start, and in the winter, you can spend time inside visiting galleries and museums.

What city is Citta?

Umbria

Castello is where?

The largest of Venice, Italy’s six sestieri is called Castello.

Where in Italy are cities in Umbria?

The modern region, named after the Umbria of Roman times, is located in central Italy and includes the provinces of Perugia and Terni. It is roughly midway between Rome and Florence.

Inside Castello Sforzesco, what is there?

The Egyptian Museum, the Museum of Musical Instruments, the Museum of Ancient Art, the Applied Arts Collection, the Museum of Ancient Art, which houses the armory, the tapestry room, and some funerary monuments.

Is a trip to Treviglio worthwhile?

Arimo American Champagne Bar, Santuario Beata Vergine Delle Lacrime, Polittico di Bernardo Zenale, and Bernardino Butinone are just a few of the well-known attractions in the Italian city of Treviglio, which is well worth a visit.

Citta di Castello is located in which province?

Città di Castello (Italian pronunciation: [t?it?ta ddi kas?t?llo]); “Castle Town”) is a city and comune in the province of Perugia, in the northern part of Umbria.

Sicily is in what region of Italy?

Together with the Egadi, Lipari, Pelagie, and Panteleria islands, Sicily forms an autonomous region of Italy. It is located about 100 miles (160 km) northeast of Tunisia (northern Africa), and is the largest and one of the densestly populated islands in the Mediterranean Sea.

Castello is either Spanish or Italian.

1. Adapted from the Italian Castello.

Castello: What does that mean?

castle, fortress. noun. [masculine] /kas’tlo/ (edificio).

Umbria, is it as lovely as Tuscany?

It’s true that Tuscany also has small towns that feel less “discovered,” but Umbria has more, and it’s generally easier to escape the crowds in the region known as Italy’s “green heart.” Tuscany is ideal for exploring iconic city centers, while Umbria is ideal for soaking up the Italian experience.

Is Umbria more affordable than Tuscany?

In general, Umbria is less expensive than Tuscany. For example, you could rent a charming villa with a private pool and a stunning view of the Umbrian hills for 20–30% less than you would in Tuscany.

Where in Italy do the wealthy reside?

One of the wealthiest cities in Italy is Bologna, which serves as the regional capital of Emilia-Romagna in the north of the country.

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